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4. us präsident

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4. us präsident

Das Mount Rushmore National Memorial ist ein fertiggestelltes Denkmal, das aus monumentalen Porträtköpfen der vier bis zur Zeit seiner Erstellung als am bedeutendsten und symbolträchtigsten geltenden US-Präsidenten besteht. 3 Ansprüche der Lakota-Indianer; 4 Verwendung in Medien; 5 Siehe auch. Die Liste der Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten führt die Staatsoberhäupter in der Geschichte der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika vollständig auf. Neben allen Personen, die das Amt als Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten nach Inkrafttreten der US-amerikanischen . 4. März , Richard Johnson · Vice President of the United States. Lösungen für „4. US-Präsident“ ➤ Alle Kreuzworträtsel-Lösungen im Überblick ✓ Eingrenzung nach Anzahl der Buchstaben ✓ Sortierung nach.

Whig April 4, — September 13, Unaffiliated September 13, — March 4, [l]. March 4, — July 9, Died in office. Zachary Taylor — Lived: Millard Fillmore Succeeded to presidency.

July 9, [m] — March 4, Millard Fillmore — Lived: Franklin Pierce — Lived: King March 4 — April 18, Died in office.

Office vacant Balance of King's term. James Buchanan — Lived: March 4, — April 15, Died in office. Abraham Lincoln — Lived: Representative for Illinois's 7th District — Republican National Union [n].

Hannibal Hamlin March 4, — March 4, Andrew Johnson March 4 — April 15, Succeeded to presidency. April 15, — March 4, Andrew Johnson — Lived: National Union April 15, — c.

Commanding General of the U. Army — No prior elected office. Schuyler Colfax March 4, — March 4, Henry Wilson March 4, — November 22, Died in office.

Office vacant Balance of Wilson's term. March 4, — September 19, Died in office. Representative for Ohio's 19th District — Arthur Succeeded to presidency.

September 19, [p] — March 4, Grover Cleveland — Lived: Hendricks March 4 — November 25, Died in office. Office vacant Balance of Hendricks's term.

Benjamin Harrison — Lived: Senator Class 1 from Indiana — March 4, — September 14, Died in office. William McKinley — Lived: Garret Hobart March 4, — November 21, Died in office.

Office vacant Balance of Hobart's term. Theodore Roosevelt March 4 — September 14, Succeeded to presidency. September 14, — March 4, Theodore Roosevelt — Lived: Office vacant September 14, — March 4, Fairbanks March 4, — March 4, William Howard Taft — Lived: Sherman March 4, — October 30, Died in office.

Office vacant Balance of Sherman's term. Woodrow Wilson — Lived: March 4, — August 2, Died in office. Senator Class 3 from Ohio — Calvin Coolidge Succeeded to presidency.

August 2, [q] — March 4, Calvin Coolidge — Lived: Office vacant August 2, — March 4, Dawes March 4, — March 4, Herbert Hoover — Lived: March 4, — April 12, Died in office.

Garner March 4, — January 20, [r]. Wallace January 20, — January 20, Truman January 20 — April 12, Succeeded to presidency.

April 12, — January 20, Office vacant April 12, — January 20, Barkley January 20, — January 20, January 20, — January 20, Supreme Allied Commander Europe — No prior elected office.

January 20, — November 22, Died in office. Senator Class 1 from Massachusetts — Johnson Succeeded to presidency.

November 22, — January 20, Office vacant November 22, — January 20, He was the first president to go through an impeachment trial.

Grant March 4, —March 4, The eighteenth president of the U. The Union Army was able to defeat the Confederate effort when Grant was appointed lieutenant general.

As President, Grant supported civil rights for freed slaves and contributed to the revival of the Republican party in the South.

He also fought KKK violence. However, despite all this, his administration tolerated corruption and bribery.

He was very unpopular when he left office. Hayes March 4, —March 4, Hayes was voted in during the close of the Reconstruction and when the Second Industrial Revolution occurred in the U.

He believed in a meritocratic government and racial equality. Garfield March 4, —September 19, Before becoming president Garfield served as a Representative for nine terms.

Garfield advocated agricultural technology, civil rights for African Americans, a bi-metal monetary system, and an educated electorate.

Garfield was assassinated after days of being in office. Arthur September 19, —March 4, Arthur became president after the assassination of President James A.

Arthur grew up in New York and later practice law there. During the Civil War he was appointed to the quartermaster department while becoming brigadier general.

Despite being poor health, he was able to perform solidly while in office. He left office respected by political allies and foes alike.

Grover Cleveland March 4, —March 4, Cleveland was the only Democratic candidate to win presidency during the era of Republican domination from to He was also the only president to serve two terms non-consecutively.

He was a leader among Bourbon Democrats who were opposed to inflation, subsidies, imperialism, Free Silver, and high tariffs.

Benjamin Harrison March 4, —March 4, Benjamin Harrison was a grandson of former president William Henry Harrison, making him the only president to be the grandson of another president.

His legislation was responsible for the McKinley Tariff and the Sherman Antitrust Act as well as for federal spending to reached one billion dollars annually for the first time.

See a couple ranks above. Cleveland was the only president to be ranked twice, due to his non-consecutive service as president.

William McKinley March 4, —September 14, In his elections McKinley fought fiercely for upholding the gold standard and high tariffs.

His leadership brought victory for the U. He is also highly regarded for forging a Republican coalition that dominated U.

Theodore Roosevelt September 14, —March 4, As a soldier, explorer, hunter, naturalist, and author, Theodore Roosevelt was known for his cowboy image and robust masculinity.

Before presidency he served offices at the federal, state, and municipal levels of government. Roosevelt became president when President William McKinley was assassinated.

During his administration he tried to mobilize the Republican Party towards ideas of Progressivism. He won his first Presidential election after, which was technically his second term as President of the U.

William Howard Taft March 4, —March 4, William Howard Taft was the only U. President in history who also became a Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

He was born into the wealthy Taft family. He graduated from Yale in and from Cincinnati Law School in He was elected as President in Woodrow Wilson March 4, —March 4, Wilson was elected president as a Democrat in He was the only U.

President to earn a Ph. During his administration the U. He was barely reelected in Harding March 4, —August 2, Harding was a successful newspaper publisher before becoming president this made him the first.

During his campaign he promised to restore the U. Scandals and corruption ran rampant under his administration. Scholars and historians consistently regarded Harding as one of the worst Presidents.

He died during a train stop while on a return trip from Alaska to California. Calvin Coolidge August 2, —March 4, Calvin Coolidge succeeded President Warren G.

Harding when the latter passed away while still in office. While there is no constitutional mandate or federal law requiring them to do so, the District of Columbia and 30 states have laws requiring that their electors vote for the candidates to whom they are pledged.

The votes of the electors are opened and counted during a joint session of Congress, held in the first week of January. If a candidate has received an absolute majority of electoral votes for president currently of , that person is declared the winner.

Otherwise, the House of Representatives must meet to elect a president using a contingent election procedure in which representatives, voting by state delegation, with each state casting a single vote, choose between the top electoral vote-getters for president.

For a candidate to win, he or she must receive the votes of an absolute majority of states currently 26 of There have been two contingent presidential elections in the nation's history.

A 73—73 electoral vote tie between Thomas Jefferson and fellow Democratic-Republican Aaron Burr in the election of necessitated the first.

Conducted under the original procedure established by Article II, Section 1, Clause 3 of the Constitution, which stipulates that if two or three persons received a majority vote and an equal vote, the House of Representatives would choose one of them for president; the runner up would become Vice President.

Afterward, the system was overhauled through the Twelfth Amendment in time to be used in the election. Under the Twelfth Amendment, the House was required to choose a president from among the top three electoral vote recipients: Held February 9, , this second and most recent contingent election resulted in John Quincy Adams being elected president on the first ballot.

Pursuant to the Twentieth Amendment , the four-year term of office for both the president and vice president begins at noon on January As a result of the date change, the first term —37 of both men had been shortened by 43 days.

Before executing the powers of the office, a president is required to recite the presidential oath of office , found in Article II, Section 1, Clause 8.

This is the only component in the inauguration ceremony mandated by the Constitution:. I do solemnly swear or affirm that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States.

Presidents have traditionally placed one hand upon a Bible while taking the oath, and have added "So help me God" to the end of the oath.

When the first president, George Washington, announced in his Farewell Address that he was not running for a third term, he established a "two-terms then out" precedent.

Precedent became tradition after Thomas Jefferson publicly embraced the principle a decade later during his second term, as did his two immediate successors, James Madison and James Monroe.

Grant sought a non-consecutive third term in , [98] as did Theodore Roosevelt in though it would have been only his second full term.

In , after leading the nation through the Great Depression , Franklin Roosevelt was elected to a third term, breaking the self-imposed precedent.

Four years later, with the U. In response to the unprecedented length of Roosevelt's presidency, the Twenty-second Amendment was adopted in The amendment bars anyone from being elected president more than twice, or once if that person served more than two years 24 months of another president's four-year term.

Truman , president when this term limit came into force, was exempted from its limitations, and briefly sought a second full term—to which he would have otherwise been ineligible for election, as he had been president for more than two years of Roosevelt's fourth term—before he withdrew from the election.

Since the amendment's adoption, five presidents have served two full terms: Bush , and Barack Obama. Both Jimmy Carter and George H.

Bush sought a second term, but were defeated. Richard Nixon was elected to a second term, but resigned before completing it.

Johnson , having held the presidency for one full term in addition to only 14 months of John F. Kennedy 's unexpired term, was eligible for a second full term in , but withdrew from Democratic Primary.

Additionally, Gerald Ford , who served out the last two years and five months of Nixon's second term, sought a full term, but was defeated by Jimmy Carter in the election.

Article II, Section 4 of the Constitution allows for the removal of high federal officials, including the president, from office for " treason , bribery , or other high crimes and misdemeanors.

Two presidents have been impeached by the House of Representatives: Andrew Johnson in , and Bill Clinton in Both were acquitted by the senate: Johnson by one vote, and Clinton by 17 votes.

Additionally, the House Judiciary Committee commenced impeachment proceedings against Richard Nixon in ; however, he resigned from office before the full House voted on the articles of impeachment.

Succession to or vacancies in the office of president may arise under several possible circumstances: Deaths have occurred a number of times, resignation has occurred only once, and removal from office has never occurred.

Under Section 3 of the Twenty-fifth Amendment , the president may transfer the presidential powers and duties to the vice president, who then becomes acting president , by transmitting a statement to the Speaker of the House and the President pro tempore of the Senate stating the reasons for the transfer.

The president resumes the discharge of the presidential powers and duties upon transmitting, to those two officials, a written declaration stating that resumption.

Such a transfer of power has occurred on three occasions: Ronald Reagan to George H. Bush once, on July 13, , and George W. Bush to Dick Cheney twice, on June 29, , and on July 21, Under Section 4 of the Twenty-fifth Amendment , the vice president, in conjunction with a majority of the Cabinet , may transfer the presidential powers and duties from the president to the vice president by transmitting a written declaration to the Speaker of the House and the president pro tempore of the Senate that the president is incapacitated —unable to discharge their presidential powers and duties.

If this occurs, then the vice president will assume the presidential powers and duties as acting president; however, the president can declare that no such inability exists and resume the discharge of the presidential powers and duties.

If the vice president and Cabinet contest this claim, it is up to Congress, which must meet within two days if not already in session, to decide the merit of the claim.

Section 1 of the Twenty-fifth Amendment states that the vice president becomes president upon the removal from office, death, or resignation of the preceding president.

Speaker of the House, then, if necessary, the President pro tempore of the Senate, and then if necessary, the eligible heads of federal executive departments who form the president's Cabinet.

The Cabinet currently has 15 members, of which the Secretary of State is first in line; the other Cabinet secretaries follow in the order in which their department or the department of which their department is the successor was created.

Those department heads who are constitutionally ineligible to be elected to the presidency are also disqualified from assuming the powers and duties of the presidency through succession.

No statutory successor has yet been called upon to act as president. Throughout most of its history, politics of the United States have been dominated by political parties.

Political parties had not been anticipated when the U. Constitution was drafted in , nor did they exist at the time of the first presidential election in — Organized political parties developed in the U.

Those who supported the Washington administration were referred to as "pro-administration" and would eventually form the Federalist Party , while those in opposition joined the emerging Democratic-Republican Party.

Greatly concerned about the very real capacity of political parties to destroy the fragile unity holding the nation together, Washington remained unaffiliated with any political faction or party throughout his eight-year presidency.

He was, and remains, the only U. The number of presidents per political party at the time of entry into office are: The president's salary is set by Congress, and under Article II, Section 1, Clause 7 of the Constitution, may not be increased or reduced during his or her current term of office.

The White House in Washington, D. The site was selected by George Washington, and the cornerstone was laid in Every president since John Adams in has lived there.

At various times in U. The federal government pays for state dinners and other official functions, but the president pays for personal, family, and guest dry cleaning and food.

Camp David , officially titled Naval Support Facility Thurmont, a mountain-based military camp in Frederick County, Maryland , is the president's country residence.

A place of solitude and tranquility, the site has been used extensively to host foreign dignitaries since the s.

Blair House , located next to the Eisenhower Executive Office Building at the White House Complex and Lafayette Park , serves as the president's official guest house and as a secondary residence for the president if needed.

The primary means of long distance air travel for the president is one of two identical Boeing VC aircraft, which are extensively modified Boeing airliners and are referred to as Air Force One while the president is on board although any U.

Air Force aircraft the president is aboard is designated as "Air Force One" for the duration of the flight. In-country trips are typically handled with just one of the two planes, while overseas trips are handled with both, one primary and one backup.

The president also has access to smaller Air Force aircraft, most notably the Boeing C , which are used when the president must travel to airports that cannot support a jumbo jet.

Any civilian aircraft the president is aboard is designated Executive One for the flight. For short distance air travel, the president has access to a fleet of U.

Marine Corps helicopters of varying models, designated Marine One when the president is aboard any particular one in the fleet.

Flights are typically handled with as many as five helicopters all flying together and frequently swapping positions as to disguise which helicopter the president is actually aboard to any would-be threats.

For ground travel, the president uses the presidential state car , which is an armored limousine designed to look like a Cadillac sedan, but built on a truck chassis.

The president also has access to two armored motorcoaches , which are primarily used for touring trips. The presidential plane, called Air Force One when the president is inside.

Marine One helicopter, when the president is aboard. Secret Service is charged with protecting the president and the first family. As part of their protection, presidents, first ladies , their children and other immediate family members, and other prominent persons and locations are assigned Secret Service codenames.

Under the Former Presidents Act , all living former presidents are granted a pension, an office, and a staff. The pension has increased numerous times with Congressional approval.

Prior to , all former presidents, their spouses, and their children until age 16 were protected by the Secret Service until the president's death.

Bush , and all subsequent presidents. Some presidents have had significant careers after leaving office.

Grover Cleveland , whose bid for reelection failed in , was elected president again four years later in Two former presidents served in Congress after leaving the White House: John Quincy Adams was elected to the House of Representatives, serving there for seventeen years, and Andrew Johnson returned to the Senate in John Tyler served in the provisional Congress of the Confederate States during the Civil War and was elected to the Confederate House of Representatives, but died before that body first met.

Presidents may use their predecessors as emissaries to deliver private messages to other nations or as official representatives of the United States to state funerals and other important foreign events.

Bill Clinton has also worked as an informal ambassador, most recently in the negotiations that led to the release of two American journalists , Laura Ling and Euna Lee , from North Korea.

Clinton has also been active politically since his presidential term ended, working with his wife Hillary on her and presidential bids and President Obama on his reelection campaign.

There are currently since January 20, five living former presidents. In order of office they are:. Jimmy Carter age 94 since Bush age 94 since Bill Clinton age 72 since Bush age 72 since Barack Obama age 57 since Every president since Herbert Hoover has created a repository known as a presidential library for preserving and making available his papers, records, and other documents and materials.

Completed libraries are deeded to and maintained by the National Archives and Records Administration NARA ; the initial funding for building and equipping each library must come from private, non-federal sources.

There are also presidential libraries maintained by state governments and private foundations and Universities of Higher Education, such as the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum , which is run by the State of Illinois , the George W.

A number of presidents have lived for many years after leaving office, and several of them have personally overseen the building and opening of their own presidential libraries.

Some have even made arrangements for their own burial at the site. Several presidential libraries contain the graves of the president they document, including the Dwight D.

These gravesites are open to the general public. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the political talk radio channel, see P.

For other uses, see President of the United States disambiguation. For a list, see List of Presidents of the United States. Executive branch of the U.

Government Executive Office of the President. President [1] [2] The Honorable [3]. Head of State Head of Government. Constitution of the United States Law Taxation.

Presidential elections Midterm elections Off-year elections. Democratic Republican Third parties. Powers of the President of the United States.

Suffice it to say that the President is made the sole repository of the executive powers of the United States, and the powers entrusted to him as well as the duties imposed upon him are awesome indeed.

For further information, see List of people pardoned or granted clemency by the President of the United States. Four ruffles and flourishes and 'Hail to the Chief' long version.

Imperial Presidency and Imperiled Presidency. United States presidential primary , United States presidential nominating convention , United States presidential election debates , and United States presidential election.

Electoral College United States. United States presidential inauguration. Impeachment in the United States. List of residences of Presidents of the United States.

Transportation of the President of the United States. This " see also " section may contain an excessive number of suggestions. Please ensure that only the most relevant links are given, that they are not red links , and that any links are not already in this article.

September Learn how and when to remove this template message. Government of the United States portal.

Phillips for the rapid transmission of press reports by telegraph. Truman ; Lyndon B. Johnson ; and Gerald Ford Tyler's policy priorities as president soon proved to be opposed to most of the Whig agenda, and he was expelled from the party in September Later, while president, Johnson tried and failed to build a party of loyalists under the National Union banner.

Near the end of his presidency, Johnson rejoined the Democratic Party. The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 26, Retrieved November 15, Retrieved September 4, The People Debate the Constitution, — New York, New York: A forgotten huge day in American history".

Retrieved July 29, Retrieved January 22, The History of Power". Proceedings of the American Political Science Association.

President och han eller hon omtalas som The President. Majoriteten i representanthuset vägrade dock att införa titlar som inte föreskrevs i konstitutionen, varför endast ämbetsbeteckningen i sig ännu i dag utgör korrekt titulering.

Melodin beledsagar presidenten vid nästan varje offentligt framträdande; texten sjungs väldigt sällan. Presidentens traditionella ämbetssäte och residens är Vita huset i huvudstaden Washington.

Det förstördes i det brittisk-amerikanska kriget och byggdes upp igen En bunker under Vita husets östra flygel, Presidential Emergency Operations Center , skyddar vid nödfall presidenten och hans eller hennes närmaste medarbetare.

Oftast avses den helikopter, som presidenten använder för transport mellan Vita huset och Andrews Air Force Base regeringsflygplanens hemflygplats.

Fordonet benämns Cadillac One , som dock är en inofficiell beteckning. Kongressen Senaten Presidenten pro tempore Representanthuset Talmannen.

Högsta domstolen Chefsdomaren Appellationsdomstolar Distriktsdomstolar. Lagstiftande församlingar Guvernörer Högsta domstolar. Detta avsnitt är en sammanfattning av Presidentval i USA.

Elektorskollegiet i amerikanska presidentval. Detta avsnitt är en sammanfattning av Vita huset. Visningar Visa Redigera Redigera wikitext Visa historik.

Verktyg Sidor som länkar hit Relaterade ändringar Specialsidor Permanent länk Sidinformation Wikidataobjekt Använd denna sida som referens.

Sidan redigerades senast den 12 oktober kl. Wikipedias text är tillgänglig under licensen Creative Commons Erkännande-dela-lika 3.

Washington, District of Columbia. Atlas Politikportalen Denna tabell: No person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty-five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.

Inbördeskrig — rekonstruktion — United States presidential primary , United States presidential nominating convention , United States presidential election debates , and United States presidential election.

Electoral College United States. United States presidential inauguration. Impeachment in the United States. List of residences of Presidents of the United States.

Transportation of the President of the United States. This " see also " section may contain an excessive number of suggestions. Please ensure that only the most relevant links are given, that they are not red links , and that any links are not already in this article.

September Learn how and when to remove this template message. Government of the United States portal. Phillips for the rapid transmission of press reports by telegraph.

Truman ; Lyndon B. Johnson ; and Gerald Ford Tyler's policy priorities as president soon proved to be opposed to most of the Whig agenda, and he was expelled from the party in September Later, while president, Johnson tried and failed to build a party of loyalists under the National Union banner.

Near the end of his presidency, Johnson rejoined the Democratic Party. The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 26, Retrieved November 15, Retrieved September 4, The People Debate the Constitution, — New York, New York: A forgotten huge day in American history".

Retrieved July 29, Retrieved January 22, The History of Power". Proceedings of the American Political Science Association. Origins and Development 5th ed.

Its Origins and Development. The Making of the American Constitution. Commander in Chief Clause". National Constitution Center Educational Resources some internal navigation required.

Retrieved May 23, The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. McPherson, Tried by War: United States Department of Defense. Archived from the original on May 13, Retrieved February 25, About the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

The Federalist 69 reposting. Retrieved June 15, Archived from the original PDF on November 26, Retrieved December 15, No clear mechanism or requirement exists today for the president and Congress to consult.

The War Powers Resolution of contains only vague consultation requirements. Instead, it relies on reporting requirements that, if triggered, begin the clock running for Congress to approve the particular armed conflict.

By the terms of the Resolution, however, Congress need not act to disapprove the conflict; the cessation of all hostilities is required in 60 to 90 days merely if Congress fails to act.

Many have criticized this aspect of the Resolution as unwise and unconstitutional, and no president in the past 35 years has filed a report "pursuant" to these triggering provisions.

The President's War Powers". Retrieved September 28, Retrieved November 8, Presidents have sent forces abroad more than times; Congress has declared war only five times: President Reagan told Congress of the invasion of Grenada two hours after he had ordered the landing.

He told Congressional leaders of the bombing of Libya while the aircraft were on their way. It was not clear whether the White House consulted with Congressional leaders about the military action, or notified them in advance.

Foley, the Speaker of the House, said on Tuesday night that he had not been alerted by the Administration. Retrieved August 7, Retrieved February 5, Noel Canning , U.

United States , U. Olson , U. Retrieved January 23, But not since President Gerald R. Ford granted clemency to former President Richard M.

Nixon for possible crimes in Watergate has a Presidential pardon so pointedly raised the issue of whether the President was trying to shield officials for political purposes.

The prosecutor charged that Mr. Weinberger's efforts to hide his notes may have 'forestalled impeachment proceedings against President Reagan' and formed part of a pattern of 'deception and obstruction.

In light of President Bush's own misconduct, we are gravely concerned about his decision to pardon others who lied to Congress and obstructed official investigations.

Former president Clinton issued pardons on his last day in office, including several to controversial figures, such as commodities trader Rich, then a fugitive on tax evasion charges.

Center for American Progress. Retrieved October 8, Retrieved November 29, Archived from the original PDF on December 13, Retrieved November 9, Use of the state secrets privilege in courts has grown significantly over the last twenty-five years.

In the twenty-three years between the decision in Reynolds [] and the election of Jimmy Carter, in , there were four reported cases in which the government invoked the privilege.

Between and , there were a total of fifty-one reported cases in which courts ruled on invocation of the privilege. Because reported cases only represent a fraction of the total cases in which the privilege is invoked or implicated, it is unclear precisely how dramatically the use of the privilege has grown.

But the increase in reported cases is indicative of greater willingness to assert the privilege than in the past.

American Civil Liberties Union. Retrieved October 4, Archived from the original on March 21, Retrieved November 11, The American Bar Association said President Bush's use of "signing statements", which allow him to sign a bill into law but not enforce certain provisions, disregards the rule of law and the separation of powers.

Legal experts discuss the implications. Boy Scouts of America. The Christian Science Monitor. Archived from the original on July 30, Retrieved July 30, Retrieved May 14, Retrieved May 6, Archived from the original on December 28, The Kennedy White House Restoration.

The White House Historical Association. Presidential idolatry is "Bad for Democracy " ". Twin Cities Daily Planet. But while her voiceover delivered a scathing critique, the video footage was all drawn from carefully-staged photo-ops of Reagan smiling with seniors and addressing large crowds U of Minnesota Press.

Even before Kennedy ran for Congress, he had become fascinated, through his Hollywood acquaintances and visits, with the idea of image Gene Healy argues that because voters expect the president to do everything When they inevitably fail to keep their promises, voters swiftly become disillusioned.

Yet they never lose their romantic idea that the president should drive the economy, vanquish enemies, lead the free world, comfort tornado victims, heal the national soul and protect borrowers from hidden credit-card fees.

Bush White House's claims are rooted in ideas "about the 'divine' right of kings" Retrieved September 20, Nelson on why democracy demands that the next president be taken down a notch".

Ginsberg and Crenson unite". Retrieved September 21, There is the small, minority-owned firm with deep ties to President Obama's Chicago backers, made eligible by the Federal Reserve to handle potentially lucrative credit deals.

Wilson, the group's president, tells his eager researchers. The Executive Branch, Annenberg Classroom". The National Constitution Center.

Constitutional Interstices and the Twenty-Second Amendment". Archived from the original on January 15, Retrieved June 12, The Heritage Guide to the Constitution.

The Annenberg Public Policy Center. CRS Report for Congress. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved August 2, Retrieved August 1, The Heritage Guide to The Constitution.

Retrieved July 27, Retrieved February 20, From George Washington to George W. Bush 2nd revised ed. Office of the Historian, U.

Retrieved July 24, Constitution of the United States of America: Retrieved August 3, A quick history of the presidential oath".

Heritage Guide to the Constitution. The American Presidency Project [online]. University of California hosted. Retrieved July 19, Presidential and Vice Presidential Fast Facts".

Retrieved January 2, Retrieved July 1, Data from Congressional Quarterly's Guide to the Presidency. Retrieved July 31, Dollar Amount, to Present".

Few outsiders ever see the President's private enclave". Archived from the original on December 14, White House Military Office.

Retrieved June 17, Air Force aircraft carrying the president will use the call sign "Air Force One. Secret Service to unveil new presidential limo".

Archived from the original on February 2, Retrieved December 16, Archived from the original on January 18, Retrieved August 18, Retrieved November 12, Retrieved January 10, Retrieved May 22, Archived from the original on August 23, United States Secret Service.

John Tyler April 4, —March 4, Whig, then no party. This succession would figure future successions and became scripted in the 25th amendment.

While in office he opposed and vetoed many Whig party proposals, resulting in the resignation of most of his cabinet and him being expelled from his party.

Polk March 4, —March 4, Polk had served as Speaker of the House from to and Governor of Tennessee from to before defeating Henry Clay for president in with his promise to annex Texas.

He was also a prominent leader of Jacksonian Democracy. Zachary Taylor March 4, —July 9, Taylor was a career military officer before running as a Whig in His moderate view on slavery angered many Southerners.

After 16 months into his term, Taylor died of gastroenteritis. Millard Fillmore July 9, —March 4, Fillmore was the last Whig to become a U.

During his presidency he supported keeping slavery out of lands acquired from the Mexican-American War as a means to appease Southerners.

He also supported and signed the Compromise of and the Fugitive Slave Act. Franklin Pierce March 4, —March 4, Pierce was a Democrat who was a Northerner with Southern sympathies a.

During his presidency he made many divisive choices that earned him a reputation of one of the worst presidents. He was abandoned by his party and not nominated in During the Civil War he supported the Confederacy, further damaging his reputation.

James Buchanan March 4, —March 4, Buchanan was a popular state politician and attorney before his presidency. Throughout most of the presidential term before him, he was stationed in London while serving as Minister to the United Kingdom.

Because of this, he was not up-to-date on the crisis caused by the question of slavery. He spent a lot of his energy to maintain peace between the North and the South, but ultimately the Southern states declared secession.

Abraham Lincoln March 4, —April 15, In his campaign for president, Lincoln opposed the expansion of slavery. His victory led to the secessions of southern slave state, leading to the American Civil War.

Lincoln closely led the war effort, selecting highly skilled generals such as Ulysses S. Lincoln was known to be a very charismatic leader with great oratory skills.

Scholars recognize him as one of the greatest U. Andrew Johnson April 15, —March 4, Andrew Johnson became president when President Lincoln was assassinated.

As president in charge of the Reconstruction, Johnson drafted conciliatory policies towards the South in a hurry to reincorporate former states of the Confederacy.

His actions made him unpopular with Radical Republicans. The Radicals of the House of Representatives impeached him in but the Senate acquitted him by one vote.

He was the first president to go through an impeachment trial. Grant March 4, —March 4, The eighteenth president of the U.

The Union Army was able to defeat the Confederate effort when Grant was appointed lieutenant general. As President, Grant supported civil rights for freed slaves and contributed to the revival of the Republican party in the South.

He also fought KKK violence. However, despite all this, his administration tolerated corruption and bribery.

He was very unpopular when he left office. Hayes March 4, —March 4, Hayes was voted in during the close of the Reconstruction and when the Second Industrial Revolution occurred in the U.

He believed in a meritocratic government and racial equality. Garfield March 4, —September 19, Before becoming president Garfield served as a Representative for nine terms.

Garfield advocated agricultural technology, civil rights for African Americans, a bi-metal monetary system, and an educated electorate.

Garfield was assassinated after days of being in office. Arthur September 19, —March 4, Arthur became president after the assassination of President James A.

Arthur grew up in New York and later practice law there. During the Civil War he was appointed to the quartermaster department while becoming brigadier general.

Despite being poor health, he was able to perform solidly while in office. He left office respected by political allies and foes alike.

Grover Cleveland March 4, —March 4, Cleveland was the only Democratic candidate to win presidency during the era of Republican domination from to He was also the only president to serve two terms non-consecutively.

He was a leader among Bourbon Democrats who were opposed to inflation, subsidies, imperialism, Free Silver, and high tariffs.

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